Quick stick / Gliricidia tree

Gliricidia sepium



General Information :

  • Smooth deciduous tree to 10 m tall, 20–30 cm DBH.
  • Leaves alternate, bluntly pointed at the tip, green in color.
  • It produces dense masses of attractive white or pink flowers.
  • Pods yellow-green when immature, turning blackish with blackish seed.

Distribution :

  • Native from Mexico widely introduced and naturalized throughout the tropics.

Habitat : Deciduous Forest.

Soil : Wide range of soils

Soil pH : 4.5-6.2

Altitude :750 to 1200 m (MSL)

Rainfall :1200 to 2000mm

Temperature : 24 – 48 deg. C

Terrain : Plains/ Gentle slopes

Tree Characteristics :  
  • Sensitive to frost.

Habit : Evergreen tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :


  • Naturally raised by seeds.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Pods are collected during March – April.
  • The seeds are collected by breaking the pods.
  • Seeds can be stored up to 3 years.
  • Seed Rate is 37000/kg.
  • Germination capacity is 75 - 80%.

Seed Treatment :

  • Hot water treatment for 10 minutes or cold Water treatment for 24 hours

Nursery Technique :

  • Seeds are sown in standard size mother bed during April-May
  • Germination starts in 3-4- days and lasts for three weeks.
  • Pricking out in polythene bags can be done when first pair of leaves is noticed in the nursery seedlings.
  • Sowing pretreated seed can also be done directly in polythene bags filled with equal proportion of sandy loam and FYM.
  • Seedlings are placed under shade should be watered twice in a week.

Plantation technique :

  •  Six Month old nursery raised seedlings are fit for planting.
  •  Pit size of 30 cm3 with spacing of 3 m x 3 m or 5m x 5 m can be adopted.
  •  For afforestation on saline and alkaline soils pitting of 60cm x 60cm x 80cm  or 60cm x 60cm x 120cm are adopted.
  • For fuel wood plantation suitable spacing adopted is 2 m x 2 m.

Care & Disease Control :


  • The plantation must be kept weed free and protection from cattle at the initial stage.

Irrigation :

  • No special irrigation needed.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 7 to 10 years.

Yield :

  • 150 to 200 tones/ha of Fuel wood.

Agro Forestory :


  • The tree is widely planted as shade for chocolate, coffee, tea, and vanilla.

Major uses :

  • The tree is widely planted as shade for chocolate, coffee, tea, and vanilla.
  • There are few "living fence" species that strike root from cuttings more readily, also widely planted as a hedge and/or windbreak.
  • The timber is said to finish smoothly and be used for furniture, agricultural instruments, posts, railroad ties, and heavy construction.

Other uses :

Medicine: Crude extracts have been shown to have antifungal activity. Reported to be expectorant, sedative and suppurative. Madre de cacao is a folk remedy for alopecia, boils, bruises, burns, colds, cough, debility, eruptions, erysipelas, fever, fractures, gangrene, headache, itch, prickly heat, rheumatism, skin tumours, ulcers, urticaria and wounds.