Cannon Ball Tree
General Information :
- Cannonball tree is a deciduous tree with a dense, oblong crown
- Flowers are yellow, reddish and pink in color and are stunning fragrant.
- Pink and dark-red flowers growing directly on the bark of the trunk.
- The tree bears, directly on the trunk and main branches, large globose woody fruits which look like big rusty cannonballs hanging in clusters, like balls on a string.
- The sivalingam shape is visible at the center of the flower and snake shaped pollen is the specialty of this flower.
- The tree has more religious value as associated with lord Shiva.
Habitat : Along the sides of rivers and in swampy areas at elevations below 500 metres
Soil : A plant of moist to wet soils in the wild, though it can also succeed in dry soils
Altitude :1500 m
Rainfall :500 – 1500 mm
Temperature : 12 – 18 deg c
Terrain : Hills/Plains
Tree Characteristics :
- Plants are very susceptible to frost.
- Prefers a sunny position
Habit : Deciduous tree
Natural Regeneration :
- Naturally regenerated by seeds.
Artificial Regeneration :
- Artificial reproduction is common by Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- Flowering and fruiting: March-May.
- Pods are then dried in the sun and broken to extract the seeds and stored in gunny bags.
Seed Treatment :
- No Pretreatment Required.
Nursery Technique :
- Seeds can be sown in semi-shade, either in nursery beds or in individual containers.
- Fresh seeds are used to achive 80% germination.
- Seedlings should be placed in individual containers by the time they are 6 - 10cm tall, and are ready to plant out when 7 months old.
Plantation technique :
- Dig pits of 30 cm3.
- Fill up the pits with top soil mixed with 10 Kg of FYM and 1 Kg of Neem cake per pit.
- The seedlings are generally planted in pits having the size of 30x30x30 cm.
- The most common spacing adopted for plantation is 5m x 5m.
- On road sides, deeper pits of the size of 45 x 45 x 45 cm are preferred.
Care & Disease Control :
- In early stages weeding is necessary. In second year, soil working is important.
Major uses :
- The flowers have a wonderful smell and can be used to scent perfumes and cosmetics.
- Fruit - raw. Although the fruits are edible, the smell of the white flesh discourages most people from trying them, so they are only occasionally eaten.
- The wood is used for various lower value purposes including toys, boxes and crates, matches, interior joinery and panelling, furniture components, wood-ware, floats, blockboard and fibre boards.