Venteak / Benteak

Lagerstroemia parviflora



General Information :

  • It is a small to moderate sized deciduous tree
  • Bark dark brown in color.
  • Flowers are fragrant white in color.
  • Fruit is a capsule filled with 20 – 30 seeds brown color seeds.

Distribution :

  • Distributed throughout the drier parts of India.

Habitat : Deciduous forests, especially in dry, mixed forests.

Soil : Prefers a medium soil, but also succeeds in sands and in clays if they are well-drained.

Soil pH : 5.5 - 6.5

Altitude :Up to 1,000 m

Rainfall :1000 மி.மீ

Temperature : 24°c to 47°c

Terrain : Plain/hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • Tree is a light demander and sensitive to frost and shade.
  • Tree coppices well

Habit : Deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  •  Seedling regeneration comes up well in good seed year.

Artificial Regeneration :

  •  Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings and stumps.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Ripe fruits are collected during February
  • Fruits are dried in sun and the seeds are extracted and cleaned.
  • Seeds are stored in air tight polythene bags for one year.
  • Seed rate is 28000 to 56000/Kg
  • Germinative capacity is very poor 2 -3 % only

Seed Treatment :

  • Cold water treatment for 48 hours.

Nursery Technique :

  • The seeds are sown in nursery beds during April – May
  • The beds are watered regularly.
  • The germination starts in about 2 weeks and completes in 3 months.
  • Two leaf stage seedlings are prick in poly bags and maintained in nursery for one year.

Plantation technique :

  • One year old nursery raised seedlings are suitable for planting.
  • Planting done during the onset of monsoon.
  • Pitting size adopted is 30 cm3 and spacing is 3 m x 3 m

Care & Disease Control :

  • Regular weeding and cleaning are required in early stages.
  • Tree being a light demander, plantation will require adequate thinning from pole stage onwards.

Irrigation :

For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting. This is specifically required in arid regions. Irrigation after planting is not a prerequisite in areas having sufficient soil moisture and precipitation. Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 25 to 30 years.

Major uses :

  • The wood is fairly durable and easy to saw.
  • It is used for building constructions, for door and window frames and agricultural implements, furniture and boats.
  • Wood is a good fuel and charcoal.
  • Bark is locally used for tannin and fiber production.