Fern Tree

Filicium decipiens



General Information :

  • Fern Tree is a medium-sized tree.
  • Leaves are pinnate, leaflets 6-8 pair, smooth, shining, opposite or some alternate, stalkless, linear oblong, 4-6 inches long, with a prominent midrib.
  • Flowers are small, numerous, unisexual, in erect narrow panicles, 6-8 inches long, in leaf axils.
  • Fruit is Drupe and ovoid. Fruit is purple shining in Nature.

Distribution :

  • native to the Western Ghats. Native-Western India, Sri Lanka and Africa

Habitat : Grows best in humid and warm regions

Soil : Strongly alkaline soil is best. Make sure its drainage is good as well to avoid the possibility of root rot.

Terrain : Hills/Plains

Tree Characteristics :
  • Not frost tolerant.
  • Salt or salinity tolerant

Habit : Evergreen Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Naturally regenerated by seeds.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Artificial reproduction is common by Nursery raised seedlings.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Flowering and fruiting: March-May.
  • Pods are then dried in the sun and broken to extract the seeds and  stored in gunny bags.

Seed Treatment :

  • No Pretreatment Required

Nursery Technique :

  • Seeds can be sown in semi-shade, either in nursery beds or in individual containers. When fresh seed is used, a germination rate in excess of 80% usually occurs within 8 - 15 days.
  • Seedlings should be placed in individual containers by the time they are 6 - 10cm tall, and are ready to plant out when 7 months old.

Plantation technique :

  • Dig pits of 30 cm3.
  • Fill up the pits with top soil mixed with 10 Kg of FYM and 1 Kg of Neem cake per pit.
  • The seedlings are generally planted in pits having the size of 30x30x30 cm. The most common spacing adopted for plantation is 5m x 5m. On road sides, deeper pits of the size of 45 x 45 x 45 cm are preferred.

Care & Disease Control :

  • In early stages weeding is necessary. In second year, soil working is important.

Major uses :

  • Suitable for avenue planting.
  • Recommended for creating shade.
  • Planted in parks, gardens or other protected places.