Indian mulberry/ Noni

Morinda citrifolia



General Information :

  • Great morinda is a shrub or small tree can grow up to 9 m tall,
  • It  has large, simple, dark green, shiny and deeply veined leaves.
  • The plant flowers and fruits all year round.
  • The flowers are small and white.
  • The fruit is a multiple fruit that has a pungent odor when ripening,
  • It is oval green in color and , the fruit turns yellow then almost white as it ripens.
  • It contains many seeds.

Distribution :

  • The distribution is scattered in India.

Habitat : Evergreen to Semi Evergreen Forest.

Soil : Noni grows in a very wide range of soils and environment with a notable ability to survive in harsh environments. Noni tolerates a wide range of drainage conditions including seasonal waterlogging, but it prefers free, well drained soils.

Soil pH : 5 - 6.5

Altitude :Up to 1500 m (MSL)

Rainfall :250-4000 mm

Temperature : 20–35°C

Terrain : Plain

Tree Characteristics :
  • Initial Shade beater and light demander at the  later stages.

Habit : Evergreen Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :


  • Naturally regenerates by seeds.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Seeds, stem or root cuttings and air layering.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Semi – ripe fruits are collected.
  • The fruit pulp is mashed and the seeds are removed from the fruit.
  • The collected seeds are shade dried and stored in sealed tins.
  • Seed rate is 35000 to 45000/kg.
  • Germination capacity of fresh seed id 85 – 90%.

Seed Treatment :

  • No seed treatment is required.

Nursery Technique :

  • The seeds can be sown in raised and shaded nursery beds
  • Two leaved seedling are transplanted from nursery beds to polybags.
  • Germination begins in 10 days
  • Polybags plants about 4-5 months old have a height more than 60cm are suitable for planting.

Plantation technique :

  • An appropriate interplant spacing is 3.5 m x 3.5m
  • There are 290 noni plants cab be planter per acre
  • Pit Size adopted is 30 cm3

Care & Disease Control :

  • Young plants less than 3 years old may be pruned back after or during their first production of fruit.
  • Pruning of vertical branches of mature plants facilitate fruit harvest. Pruning is an effective means of disrupting conditions conducive to pest and disease outbreaks.

Recommended Harvest :

  • The tree starts yielding at an age of three years and the regular yield will be from 5th year onwards.

Yield :

  • Annual yields of up to approximately 8,000 kg/ha.

Agro Forestory :

  • Intercropping with cereals and perennials is possible (e.g. shade in cofffee).

Major uses :


  • Fruit ha huge amount of medicinal value

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.15 to 20 / Kg of fruit.