Natural Regeneration :
- Regenerates moderately under favorable conditions.
- Siris can be raised easily by direct sowing nursery seedlings and stump planting.
Seed Collection and Storage:
- Pods are collected from the tree during January to March.
- Seed weight 5000 to 12000/kg.
- Seeds retain viability for one year.
- Germination percentage is 65-90 percent.
- Seeds can be stored for 4-5 years in sacks or polybags.
- Soaking in hot water for 24 hrs or soaking in cold water for 48 hrs increases germination percentage.
Nursery Technique :
- Sunken bed of size 10m x 1m is prepared.
- The pre-treated seeds are sown in march by broadcast sowing, dibbling and line sowing.
- Germination starts in 5 days and commences in 15 days.
- Highest germination can be achieved by dibbling method.
- Seedlings attain plantable size in 6 months.
Plantation technique :
- Planting out is carried out during July in 30 cm3 pits,
- Under dry conditions, pit size of 60 cm3 with a spacing of 3x3 m to 5m x 5m
- Planting should be carried out after the commencement of monsoon
Care & Disease Control :
- Plantation should be weed free with soil and water conservation measures.
- Requires watering in intial days, then once in fortnight will suffice.
Recommended Harvest :
- Approximately 50 to 60 tones/ha*
*Subject to varry according to site factors.
Agro Forestory :
- The species is commonly grown as a shade tree in pastures, tea, coffee and cardamom plantations, and along avenues.
- It can be planted in exposed coastal situations and as quick-growing shelter for less hardy plants.
Major uses :
- The timber is used for high class furniture’s, cabinet works, interior decoration, paneling.
- It is suitable for building purposes, agricultural implements, tool handles, flooring, and paneling and railway carriages.
- Leaves are good fodder for cattle
Other uses :
Market details :
- Approximately Rs.3700 to Rs.4000/ton
*Subject to change according to market demands