Queens Flower / Kadali

Lagerstroemia speciosa



General Information :

  • Kadali is a medium-sized deciduous tree.
  • Bark light grey in color.
  • Leaves simple dark green in color.
  • Flowers very attractive purple in color.
  • Fruit is a wood capsule with hard pale brown seeds.

Distribution :

  • The tree is distributed more or less throughout India expect in very dry areas like Rajasthan.

Habitat : Deciduous Forest.

Soil : Deep rich well drained alluvium loam with sufficient moisture.

Soil pH : 5.5-7.5

Altitude :1200-2400 m (MSL)

Rainfall :1500 – 3500 mm

Temperature : 25-28 deg.C

Terrain : Plain/hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • Tree is a moderate light demander, tolerates water logging and coppice well.

Habit : Deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :


  •  Seedling regeneration comes up well in good seed year

Artificial Regeneration :

  •  Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings and stumps.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Ripe fruits are collected during December - February
  • Fruits are dried in sun and the seeds are extracted and cleaned.
  • Seeds are stored in gunny bags for one year.
  • Seed rate is 76 to 195 /gram.
  • Germinative capacity is 85-95 %.

Seed Treatment :

  • Cold water treatment for 12 hours.

Nursery Technique :

  • Cold water treatment for 12 hours.
  • The seeds are sown in nursery beds during February - March
  • The beds are watered and weeded regularly.
  • The germination starts in about 2 weeks and completes in one month.
  • Two leaf stage seedlings are prick in poly bags and maintained in nursery for one year.

Plantation technique :

  • One year old nursery raised seedlings are suitable for planting.
  • Planting done during the onset of monsoon.
  • Pitting size adopted is 30 cm3 and spacing is 3 m x 3 m

Care & Disease Control :

  • Regular weeding and cleaning are required in early stages.
  • Tree being a light demander, plantation will require adequate thinning from pole stage onwards.

Irrigation :

For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting. This is specifically required in arid regions. Irrigation after planting is not a prerequisite in areas having sufficient soil moisture and precipitation. Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 18 – 20 years.

Yield :

Rotation : 25 years, yeild : 239.04 cum of volume per hectar.

Major uses :

  • The wood is fairly durable and easy to saw.
  • It is used for building constructions, for door and window frames and agricultural implements, furniture and boats.
  • Wood is a good fuel and charcoal.

Carbon stock :

0.0045 tC/ tree