Amirta-palam / Kattu-nelli
General Information :
- Medium sized Deciduous trees
- Bark grey-brown in color.
- Leaves simple, alternate closely overlapping light green in color.
- The flowers are greenish-yellow in color
- The fruit is nearly spherical, light greenish yellow with six vertical stripes.
- The tree is considered sacred by Hindus as God Vishnu is believed to dwell in it.
- The tree is worshiped on Amalaka Ekadashi.
- It is widely spread and cultivated across all parts of India.
Habitat : Deciduous Forest
Soil : Wide range of soil
Soil pH : 8
Altitude :Up to 1,800 m (MSL)
Temperature : 20 - 29°c
Terrain : Plain/hilly
Tree Characteristics :
Habit : Deciduous tree
Natural Regeneration :
- Naturally regenerated by seed.
Artificial Regeneration :
- It can be started from seeds, from budding or air layering. But the better option is to buy a grafted tree from a nursery.
Seed collection and Storage :
- Seeds are collected from June to August.
- Fresh Fruits on collection should be depulped and shade dried.
- Seed weight is 3300-5000/kg.
- Seed has less viability
Seed Treatment :
- Hot water treatment for 5 min.
Nursery Technique :
- The seeds are sown in well-prepared nursery beds.
- Later a thin layer of soil is spread to cover the nursery beds.
- Appropriate moisture is maintained in the beds till the seeds have germinated.
- Two leaf stage seedlings are transplanted in poly bags and maintained d in nursery for 6 months.
Plantation technique :
- Planting is done during July-Augus.
- Spacing adopted is 6 x 6 m in pit size of 30 cm3 or 45 cm3.
Care & Disease Control :
- Irrigate the plants initially for establishment.
- No irrigation is required during rainy and winter season.
- Drip irrigation is appropriate which can save water up to 40-45%.
- Basin system of irrigation.
- Irrigation at 15-20 days interval is desirable in dry summer.
- Do not require irrigation in normal soils.
Recommended Harvest :
- Fruit Approximately 100 kgs/tree.
Major uses :
- It is effective in the treatment of peptic ulcer, dyspepsia, jaundice, leucorrhoea / Pradara, dibetes etc.
Other uses :
- The dried leaves are sometimes used as fillings in pillows.
- A most curious custom is the making of simulated pottery jars from a paste of the boiled fruit, the surface being decorated with impressed coloured seeds.
- It produces a good quality charcoal.
Market details :
- Approximately Rs.100 to 120 / kg fruits.