White Barked Acacia / Velvaelam

Acacia leucophloea



General Information :

  • Large thorny tree with open umbrella shaped crown
  • Bark white to yellowish grey in color.
  • Flowers are light-yellow to cream in color and
  • Pods are flat and brown in color 

Distribution :

  • Commonly found in dry regions of India. 

Habitat : It is commonly grown in Deciduous Forests

Soil : Red Sandy loam, Clay, Clay loamy and alluvium soils.

Altitude : Up to 800 m (MSL)

Rainfall : 400 - 1500 mm

Temperature : 6°C to 49°C

Terrain : Plains

Tree Characteristics :
  • Strong light demander, drought resistant and frost hardy.

Habit : Deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

Natural Regeneration:

  • Germination begins early in the rainy season. 
Artificial Regeneration:
  • It can be established by Nursery raised seedlings. 
Seed Collection and Storage :
  • The tree seeds every year
  • Seed ripens in April - June.
  • Pods are collected and seeds are separated
  • Seeds are sun dried
  • Properly cleaned seeds are stored in gunny bags for one year.
  • Germination percent 30-50 %. 
  • Seed weight is 37000 to 49000/kg
Seed Treatment :
  • Seeds soaked in cold water for 24 hrs for better results
Nursery Technique :
  • Pretreated seeds are sown in polybags of size 10 cm x 20 cm or 13 cm x 25
  • cm which are filled with mixture of  Red earth, sandy loam and FYM in the ratio of   2:1:1
  • Two seeds are sown per bag at a depth of 1.5 cm in February-March.
  • The germination starts in a week and completes in 15 days
  • Retain only one healthy plant at the time of first weeding.
  • Poly bags are regularly watered.
  • The seedlings attain plantable height in 4 months i.e. 50-60 cm.

Plantation technique :

Nursery raised Seedlings :

  • The 30 cm 3 pit at a spacing of 5m x 5m are prepared in advance to allow weathering of soil.
  • Planting is done on the onset of first monsoon.

Care & Disease Control :

  • Soil working and weedings once in a year.
  • Plantation should be weed free with water conservation measures for proper growth (trenching based on the slope).                                                                                         

Recommended Harvest :

  • 30- 40 years

Yield :

  • Approximately 160-170 tons/ha*
* Yield differ depending on the site factors

Major uses :


  • The leaves and young pods are used as fodder for goats and sheep.
  • The pods are fed to high grade cattle in Kangayam area of Tamilnadu.
  • Fibers from the inner bark are used to make fish nets and rough rope.
  • Wood is very durable and suitable for Constructional purposes, railway sleepers, tool handles, fence post and agricultural implements.
  •  It is used for pulp and paper manufacturing. 

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.2600 to Rs.3000/ton *
* Rates are subjected to change