Michelia champaca



General Information :

  • Michelia champaca is an evergreen small to medium-sized tree.
  • Crown conical to cylindrical

Distribution :

  • Exotic Species introduced to India

Habitat : Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests

Soil : Requires deep and fertile soils

Altitude :200–2400 m( MSL)

Rainfall :500-1500 mm

Temperature : 7-38 °C

Terrain : Occurs in hilly slopes and grass lands of shoals.

Tree Characteristics :
  • The tree is a light demander and is susceptible to fire; it coppices well.

Habit : Evergreen tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  •  Natural regeneration is poor.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Propagation through nursery raised seedlings.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Seeds are collected from August- September.
  • 10 000-29 500 seeds/kg.
  • Seed viability can be maintained at room temperature for about 7 months 

Seed Treatment :

  • No Seed Treatment is necessary.

Nursery Technique :

  • Seeds are sown in mother beds which are well drained and under shade.
  • Germination starts within 15-20 days of sowing.
  • The one year old seedlings can be transplanted into field

Plantation technique :

  • Planting is done at the onset of monsoon.
  • The land is prepared by loosening the soil through ploughing
  • Pit size 30 cm3 and Spacing  3x 3 m .

Care & Disease Control :

  • Since it is an ornamental tree can be maintained by periodical pruning

Irrigation :

  • For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting.
  • This is specifically required in arid regions.
  • Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.

Recommended Harvest :

10 to 15 years

Yield :

  • The annual increment of 20- 25 cu m/ha during the 1st 10 years are possible

Major uses :

Essential oil:

  • Flowers yield an essential oil used in perfumery. 
  • Leaves are fed to silkworms.
  •  The gross energy value of the heartwood is about 21070 kJ/kg and the tree is used as fuelwood.                                                                     
  • Planted as a wayside tree, and near temples for ornamental.