General Information :
- Michelia champaca is an evergreen small to medium-sized tree.
- Crown conical to cylindrical
- Exotic Species introduced to India
Habitat : Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests
Soil : Requires deep and fertile soils
Altitude :200–2400 m( MSL)
Rainfall :500-1500 mm
Temperature : 7-38 °C
Terrain : Occurs in hilly slopes and grass lands of shoals.
Tree Characteristics :
- The tree is a light demander and is susceptible to fire; it coppices well.
Habit : Evergreen tree
Natural Regeneration :
- Natural regeneration is poor.
Artificial Regeneration :
- Propagation through nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- Seeds are collected from August- September.
- 10 000-29 500 seeds/kg.
- Seed viability can be maintained at room temperature for about 7 months
Seed Treatment :
- No Seed Treatment is necessary.
Nursery Technique :
- Seeds are sown in mother beds which are well drained and under shade.
- Germination starts within 15-20 days of sowing.
- The one year old seedlings can be transplanted into field
Plantation technique :
- Planting is done at the onset of monsoon.
- The land is prepared by loosening the soil through ploughing
- Pit size 30 cm3 and Spacing 3x 3 m .
Care & Disease Control :
- Since it is an ornamental tree can be maintained by periodical pruning
- For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting.
- This is specifically required in arid regions.
- Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.
Recommended Harvest :
10 to 15 years
- The annual increment of 20- 25 cu m/ha during the 1st 10 years are possible
Major uses :
- Flowers yield an essential oil used in perfumery.
- Leaves are fed to silkworms.
- The gross energy value of the heartwood is about 21070 kJ/kg and the tree is used as fuelwood.
- Planted as a wayside tree, and near temples for ornamental.