Anjan tree/Acha

Hardwickia binata



General Information :

  • Tree  is a moderate-sized to large tree,
  • Bark silvery white and smooth.
  • Leaves are greyish green in color
  • Flowers are small pale yellowish green.
  • Winged pods with seeds solitary in the tip

Distribution :

  • Acha is a characteristic of dry teak which are distributed in drier parts of India

Habitat : Dry Deciduous Forest.

Soil : Sandy loam

Altitude :Up to 300 m (MSL)

Rainfall :250-1500 mm

Temperature : 22°C to 35°C

Terrain : Plain

Tree Characteristics :
  • Moderate light demander, and partial shade bearer

Habit : Deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Profuse natural seedlings regeneration comes up in rains under favorable climatic and edaphic factors. 

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Propagated by nursery raised seedling.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Light winged pods are collected during April to May.
  • Pods are dried in sun for 3-4 days and then stored in gunny bags.
  • Seed weigh varies from 4800 o 5300/ Kg.
  • Germinative capacity is 60 to 70%

Seed Treatment :

  • Seeds may be treated with cold water for 24 hours before sowing

Nursery Technique :

  • Seed is sown in beds, after collection, in May to June
  • Mother beds are watered regularly.
  • Germination starts in three weeks and take about 5 weeks to complete.
  • Mother beds should be shaded in dry area
  • Beds are to be kept well weeded.
  • One or two year old plants are fit for planting out during onset of monsoon.

Plantation technique :

  • One year old nursery raised seedlings can be planted during the onset of monsoon.
  • Pits 30 cm3  and spaced 2 m x 2 m to 3 m x 3 m are adopted

Care & Disease Control :

  • Soil working around the plant is carried out for a month after planting.
  • Weeding and ploughing once in a year is necessary.

Irrigation :

  • Regular watering in dry seasons.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 10 – 15 years for timber

Agro Forestory :

  • H. binata has a deep-rooting habit, hence competes minimally with arable crops

Major uses :


  • The wood is hardest and heaviest in India.
  • Used for beams and mine props, bridge and house construction, agricultural implements, carts and wheel work
  • Good Cattle fodder
  • It provides excellent firewood and good charcoal.
  • The bark yields a strong fiber largely employed for making ropes

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.3000  - 3500/ton*
*Subject to change according to market demands