Safed Khair

Acacia ferruginea



General Information :

  • Normally a small tree.
  • Flowers are pale yellow in color.
  • Seeds are flat ovate and greenish to brown in color.

Distribution :

  • Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka 

Habitat : This species commonly found in dry deciduous forest and thorny forests

Soil : Red soil, Black soil, Alluvium soil and Lateritic soils

Altitude :150-1500 m (MSL)

Rainfall :350 - 750mm

Terrain : Plains/hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • Drought Resistant and Frost resistant.

Habit : Deciduous Tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

Natural Regeneration:

  • Natural regeneration is not satisfactory
Artificial Regeneration:
  • Nursery raised seedlings.(The seedlings attain plantable size in 6 months).
Seed Collection and Storage :
  • The tree seeds every year
  • Seed ripens in April - June.
  • Pods are collected and seeds are separated
  • Seeds are sun dried
  • Properly cleaned seeds are stored in gunny bags for one year.
  • Germination percent 30-50 %. 
  • Seed weight is 37000 to 49000/kg
Seed Treatment :
  • Seeds soaked in cold water for 24 hrs for better results
Nursery Technique :
  • Polybags of size 13 x 25 cm are filled with good mixture of growth medium      (Red soil, sand and FYM (2:1:1)
  • Two seeds are sown per bag at a depth of 1.5 cm in February-March.          
  • The seedlings attain plantable size in 6 months.

Plantation technique :

  • The 30 cm3 pit at a spacing of 4 m x 4 m (Block planting) and 3m x 3m (Boundary planting) are prepared in advance to allow weathering of soil.
  • Planting is done on the onset of first monsoon.     

Irrigation :

  • For proper growth and survival it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting.
  • This is specifically required in arid regions.
  • Irrigation after planting is not a prerequisite in areas having sufficient soil moisture and precipitation. 

Recommended Harvest :

  • Approximately 25 – 30 years for Timber purpose

Yield :

  • Approximately 300 - 350 tons/ ha*
   *Subjected to change depending upon site factors

Agro Forestory :

  • Pulses and oil seeds can be cultivated up to 3 years.

Major uses :

  • Wood: Timber is very hard used for making furniture’s, agricultural implements, tool handles and  house post

Market details :

Approximately Rs.2200 to Rs.2500/ton *   *Subjected to change according to Market demands