Red shower tree

Cassia marginata



General Information :

  • It is a medium-size, evergreen ornamental tree.
  • It has a dense, round, spreading crown with smooth greyish bark.
  • Leaves are alternate and dark green in color.
  • Flowers numerous , pink to salmon-pink in color
  • Pods are cylindrical brown when ripe.

Distribution :

  • It is native to East India, particularly southern portion of Tamil Nadu.

Habitat : Various types of forests at low elevations.

Soil : Wide range of soils

Altitude :Up to 1500 m (MSL)

Rainfall :400-2800 mm

Temperature : 38 - 48° C

Terrain : Plain/hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • Strong light demander, Drought resistant and not resistant to fire
  • Sensitive to poor drainage.

Habit : Evergreen tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Regenerates naturally by seeds and Coppice.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Pods are collected during March – April.
  • The seeds are collected by breaking the pods.
  • Seeds can be stored up to 3 years.
  • Seed Rate is 37000/kg.
  • Germination capacity is 75 - 80%.

Seed Treatment :

  • Hot water treatment for 10 minutes or cold Water treatment for 24 hours

Nursery Technique :

  • Seeds are sown in standard size mother bed during April-May
  • Germination starts in 3-4- days and lasts for three weeks.
  • Pricking out in polythene bags can be done when first pair of leaves is noticed in the nursery seedlings.
  • Sowing pretreated seed can also be done directly in polythene bags filled with equal proportion of sandy loam and FYM.
  • Seedlings are placed under shade should be watered twice in a week.

Plantation technique :

  •  Six Month old nursery raised seedlings are fit for planting.
  • Pit size of 30 cm3 with spacing of 3 m x 3 m or 5m x 5 m can be adopted.
  • For afforestation on saline and alkaline soils pitting of 60cm x 60cm x 80cm  or 60cm x 60cm x 120cm are adopted.
  • For fuel wood plantation suitable spacing adopted is 2 m x 2 m.

Care & Disease Control :

  • The plantation must be kept weed free and protection from cattle at the initial stage.

Recommended Harvest :

  • 7 to 10 years

Yield :

  • 150 to 200 tones/ha of Fuel wood.

Agro Forestory :

  • The tree is grown to provide shade along roads and in cocoa, coffee and tea plantations.
  •  It is also planted as a dense windbreak and shelterbelt.

Major uses :

  • The tree is grown to provide shade along roads and in cocoa, coffee and tea plantations.
  •  It is also planted as a dense windbreak and shelterbelt.
  • It is pruned into hedgerows and used as a live fence around food crops. When used as a hedgerow, it effectively increases topsoil infiltration, reducing runoff and combating soil erosion.
  • The leaves are used as green manure, and a well-grown tree can yield 500 kg/year of fresh leaves.
  • S. Siamea forms ecto-mycorrhizae and provides very useful mulch, especially in alley-cropping systems.
  • It is used extensively for rehabilitation of degraded land
  • It sis cultivated as ornamental tree in parks and along road side as avenue.