Black Rosewood

Dalbergia latifolia



General Information :

  • Rose wood is a large deciduous tree with a dome shaped crown of lush green foliage.
  • The bark is grey in color.
  • Flowers are white in color.
  • Pods flat oblong with 1-3 seeds.

Distribution :

  • Indian rosewood is reported to be scattered in the dry deciduous forests throughout the India 

Habitat : Semi-evergreen and dry deciduous forests.

Soil : Lateritic, alluvial and deep loam and It also grows well on black cotton soils and shallow dry soils.

Altitude :Up to 1500 m (MSL)

Rainfall :250-800 mm

Temperature : Up to 45°C

Terrain : Plain / hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • It is a strong light demander, Sensitive to frost and drought resistant

Habit : Deciduous tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Natural regeneration is not satisfactory

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Artificial reproduction is common by Nursery raised seedlings. 

Seed collection and Storage :

  • The pods are collected from tree when they turn brown in color.
  • Pods are then dried in the sun and broken to extract the seeds and  stored in gunny bags
  • Properly dried seed kept in sealed tins retain viability for one year.
  • It is give 60-70% germination.
  • Seeds weigh 18500 to 35000 / Kg

Seed Treatment :

  • Cold water treatment for 24 hours

Nursery Technique :

  • The seeds are broad casted  in the mother bed of standard size in shade
  • Germination starts in 6 days.
  • Watering and protection of seedling from hot sun is necessary.
  • The two leaf stage seedlings can be transplanted to poly bags.
  • Seedlings of 6 months old are preferred for planting.

Plantation technique :

Nursery Raised Seedlings: 

  • Seedlings are planted out during the onset of monsoon.
  • Pitting size of 30 cm3 should be dug to encourage root development.
  • For Bulk planting spacing of 3 m x 3 m

Care & Disease Control :

  • Regular weeding is necessary until trees can withstand weed competition
  • Loosening soil around seedlings also improves growth. 
  • To obtain straight boles close spacing is desirable. 

Irrigation :

  • Watered weekly under Drip irrigation.

Recommended Harvest :

  •  25 - 30 years 

Yield :

  • Approximately 200-250 tons/ha.*
*Subject to varry according to site factors

Agro Forestory :

  • The tree is usually intercropped with annual crops under taungya or with fruit trees.

Major uses :

  • Timber is used to make premium grade furniture, Musical instruments, paneling and exterior joinery.
  • It is also planted as shade tree in coffee plantation.
  • Used in afforestation of eroded soils.
  • Leaf litter decomposes slowly releasing nutrients gradually and it is used as mulch.

Market details :

  • Timber: Approximately Rs.4800 to Rs.5000/sft *
*Subject to change according to market demands