Indian fig tree
General Information :
- Ficus glomarata is an evergreen or deciduous tree.
- The trunk is regularly shaped, often with low buttresses.
- Bark is grey with brownish specks, smooth, exfoliating inirregular rounded flakes.
- Leaves alternate, spirally arranged and broadly ovate, glossy, dark green leaves.
- Widely scattered throughout India.
Habitat : All types of forest area of the low elevation
Soil : Deep, alluvial sandy loam with good drainage
Soil pH : 5 to 7
Altitude :Up to 1200 m (MSL)
Rainfall :500-5000 mm
Temperature : 16-35ºC
Terrain : Plain
Tree Characteristics :
- Drought resistant and light demander.
Habit : Deciduous tree
Natural Regeneration :
- Naturally regenerates by seeds and root suckers.
Artificial Regeneration :
- Propagated by seeds and vegetative cuttings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- Fruits are collected and depulped and squeezed in water.
- The floating seeds are collected and dried on blotting paper in shade.
- The dried seeds are stored in a clean polybag.
Seed Treatment :
- Cold water treatment for 24 hour.
Nursery Technique :
- Seeds are broad casted in the mother bed mixed with sand and red earth.
- watering is done as on when required
- germination starts in about 2 weeks.
- Tow leaf stage individual seedlings could be pricked out into a polybag Shade was provided for at least 1 weak after each transplanting. Seedlings were susceptible to over-watering until the final transplant.
Plantation technique :
- Planting out is carried out during July in 30 cm3 pits,
- Under dry conditions, pit size of 60 cm3 with an interval 5 to 10 m Planting should be carried out after the commencement of monsoon
Care & Disease Control :
- Regular weeding and soil working should be taken care.
Major uses :
- Figs are consumed as famine food during periods of food
- Its leaves are lopped as fodder for elephants, camels, goats and cattle; having about 10-14% crude protein. Silage prepared from the tree is palatable and digestible.
- It is little used but is occasionally converted into packing cases, cheap boarding, yokes, spoons and bowls