Natural Regeneration :
- Natural regeneration from seeds and coppice.
Artificial Regeneration :
- Seedlings can be easily propagated by Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- The fruits ripen during May-July.
- It is not necessary to extract seed from pods, they equally germinate well.
- Seeds 9800-14800/ kg.
- Seeds can be stored in sealed containers for one year.
Seed Treatment :
- No seed treatment is required.
Nursery Technique :
- The seeds are broadcasted in mother bed of standard size during May.
- Seeds germinate within 10 days.
- Mother bed weeded and watered regularly.
- Two leaf seedlings are transplanted in polybags and raised in nursery for 6 months.
Plantation technique :
Nursery raised Seedlings:
- 6 months old nursery raised seedlings are selected for planting.
- Pit size of 30 cm3
- Spacing adopted 2 – 3 m in lines.
Care & Disease Control :
- Thinning depends on the rate of tree growth.
- For Lac cultivation, trees have to be systematically pruned and pollarded, to get flush of succulent shoots for injection.
- For proper growth and survival, it is necessary to give one or two waterings after planting. This is specifically required in arid regions.
- Higher survival rate and better rate of growth is reported when soil and water conservation measures are also adopted.
Recommended Harvest :
Coppice management yields roughly 100 kg/tree of air-dry fuel wood every 5 years.
Major uses :
- It is a most important host tree for Lac Cultivation in India, for which the branches are pollarded up to 4 cm dia.
- It is useful for Afforestation of saline/alkaline and water logged areas.
- The timber is mainly used as fuel and gun powder charcoal.
- The leaves are used as fodder for cattle.
- A red juice from incisions in the bark, which hardens into ruby colored gum, known as Butea gum or Bengal kino.
Other uses :
- Flowers yield ornge dye for colouring cotton dyes.
- Leaves are used for leaf plates and bidi wrapping.
- Incision of bark gives clear red gum or bengal kino.