Growth : Moderate
Height : 25 m
Natural Regeneration :
Artificial Regeneration :
- Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- The dry pods are collected from the trees in April-June.
- Seeds are dried and stored in gunny bags.
- The viability of can be retained up to 12 months.
- Dry pods weigh 900 to 1400 / kg.
- Germination percentage is 25-30%
Seed Treatment :
- Soaking of pods in cold water for 3 days or immerse in cow dung slurry for 48 hrs before
Nursery Technique :
- A well drained sandy loam is selected for mother beds of standard size 10m x 1 m.
- 10 – 15 kg of seeds are sown and covered with thin layer of soil covered with paddy straw.
- Two leaf seedlings are transplanted from mother bed to poly bag and raised in nursery under shade for 4 months.
Plantation technique :
- Plantation Season onset of monsoon
- Pit size –30 cm3 , Pits filled with 2:1:1 ratio of red earth, sand and FYM watering for settling down the mixture
- For block and border Plantation spacing adopted is 3 m X 3 m
Care & Disease Control :
- Weeding, cleaning and pruning should be done once in a year.
- Needs good irrigation in initial year.
- Cannot withstand water-logged conditions.
- Young plants require watering in summer months at 15-20 days interval till they are fully established.
Recommended Harvest :
- Approximately 50 – 60 Kg/tree*
*Subject to varry according to site factors.
Agro Forestory :
- No particular intercropping system has so far been studied in this crop.
- Herbaceous rhizomatous species may be grown as an intercrop in inter-row spaces.
Major uses :
- The red, fragrant heartwood is used for furniture, in cabinet making
- Used in red dye production, oil extraction, medicine preparation
- Used in traditional Ayurvedic, Sidha medicines.
- Traditional Tirupachi toys were made of it.
- It is found to have been used for atomic energy projects instead and for making a Viagra-like drug.
Market details :
- Rs.40 to 50 lakhs / ton in International market.