Kadam/Vell cadambu

Neolamarkia kadamba



General Information :

  • Kadam is large deciduous tree with straight cylindrical bole.
  • The tree has thin buttresses at the base.
  • Leaves are leathery and flowers are small orange in color

Distribution :

  • It is scattered in many tropical parts of India.

Habitat : It occurs in the tropical semi-evergreen and evergreen forests.

Soil : Kadam prefers deep, moist but well-drained loamy soils of alluvial origin.

Altitude :Up to 1300m (MSL)

Rainfall :500 - 1600 mm

Temperature : Up to 47.°C

Terrain : Plains/gentle slopes

Tree Characteristics :
  • Tree is light demander, coppices well and sensitive to frost.

Habit : Deciduous tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Natural reproduction comes profusely under favorable conditions viz. light, shade moisture and exposed soil.

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Propagated by Nursery raised seedlings.

Seed Treatment :

  • Pre sowing treatment is not required.

Nursery Technique :

  • Seeds of about 0.1g (about 2500 seeds) can be sown in wooden trays filled with fine river sand and soil and treated with fungicide.
  • The seeds are better mixed with sterilized sand before sowing.
  • They are sown in February at the rate of about 0.2 gm of seed per m2 of bed.
  • Percentage of germination is high.
  • Before sowing, the beds are thoroughly wetted and seeds are broadcast on the top taking care that seeds do not get buried in the soil.
  • After sowing, watering is done with a fine rose can according to requirements as the young seedling are sensitive to both drought and excessive moisture.
  • Germination takes place in about 3 weeks from the date of sowing.
  • After germination shading is removed.
  • The germination percentage is 60-90%.
  • The seedlings from the tray can be pricked and transplanted in the poly bag with fungicide after attaining a height of 5 cm.
  • Shade cover is needed after transplanting.
  • Growth is fast under tropical conditions and plants could reach plantable size (30 cm) in four to five months. 

Plantation technique :

  • The Kadam trees are planted at an espacement of 5 x 5m spacing during the monsoon season.
  • Wider spacing can be adopted to have more girth and also for intercropping during the initial period (1-2 years).
  • For better results, the spacing adopted should be at least 5 x 5m / 6 x 6m.

Care & Disease Control :

Weeding and pruning should be done at regular interval.

Irrigation :

  • Regular dry season watering

Recommended Harvest :

  • 6-7 years

Yield :

  • 70-100 tons/ha *
*Subject to varry according to site factors.

Agro Forestory :

  • besides vegetables, pine apple, arhar and pulses.
  • Trees are also planted in the boundaries of the field.
  • Hence in farm forestry, the farmers can get more yields of crops and generate revenue .

Major uses :

  • The veneers and plywood suitable for the manufacture of commercial grade
  • Plywood and tea chest plywood.
  • It is also suitable for the manufacture of pencils, match boxes, and splints. Suitable for writing and printing paper
  • Brown wrapping paper can also be prepared by sulphate process.
  • The wood is extensively used for ceiling boards, light construction work, packing cases, planking, carving and turnery. 

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.4000 to 5000/ ton for plywood.*
*Subject to change according to market demands