Forest Red Gum /Mysore Gum

Eucalyptus tereticornis



General Information :

  • Eucalyptus tereticornis is a tree up to 45 m tall or taller.
  • Crown large, open or fairly dense.
  • Bark smooth, whitish often some rough, dark grey bark at base;
  • Twigs reddish or yellowish-green.

Distribution :

  • In India it is the second most widely planted species after teak
  • It has been planted on a large scale in the country both in the forest and outside in the agricultural lands, wastelands, roadsides, public places etc.

Habitat : Deciduous forests

Soil : Alluvial soils, silts and clays .

Altitude : Up to1000 m (MSL)

Rainfall :500-1500 mm

Temperature : 12°C to 32°C

Terrain : Plains / hilly

Tree Characteristics :
  • It is a strong light demander.
  • complete overhead and side light are required both by the coppice and seedlings for healthy growth.

Habit : Deciduous tree

Planting Guidelines

Natural Regeneration :

  • Natural regeneration through coppice

Artificial Regeneration :

  • Seedlings can be easily propagated by vegetative cutting and nursery raised seedling.

Seed collection and Storage :

  • Fertile seeds are produced at early stage.
  • The ripe seeds are collected may –August.
  • The seeds weigh about 230-350 per gram.
  • The germination percentage is 30-80

Seed Treatment :

  • No Seed treatment is necessary.

Nursery Technique :

  • Seed are sown in Feb-March in the mother bed
  • 75-100 gms per/m2 bed.
  • After sowing, the bed is covered with thin layer of soil and thatches
  • Bed should be watered regularly.
  • Germination takes place in 10-15 days.
  • Two leaf stage seedlings are pricked out from the mother bed and transferred to poly bag.

Plantation technique :

  • Planting is done at the onset of monsoon.
  • The land is prepared by loosening the soil through ploughing.
  • Pit size 30 cm3 and Spacing 3 x 2 m, 3x 3 m and 3.5 m x 3.5 m.

Care & Disease Control :

  • In case of coppice origin, coppicing should be at a height of 10-20 cm above the ground.
  • Singling of coppice shoots is taken up within 6 months of harvesting.
  • Undesirable shoots are cut back during the 1st and 2nd year after sprouting.

Irrigation :

  • Drip Irrigation is recommended.

Recommended Harvest :

  • Short rotations of 5 - 6 years for pulp and paper.
  • 10-15 years for plywood.
  • Over matured trees can be used for biomass power plant.

Yield :

  • In Tamil Nadu, about 25-30 t/ha at a rotation of 6-7 years was realized
  • through seed raised plantations
  • Introduction of clones increased the yield up to 60-70 t/ha in 6 years rotation.
  • Through site clone matching, a yield of 100-150 t/ha was achieved in five years rotation depending on the fertility level of the soil.

Agro Forestory :

  • Planted in shelter-belts as a windbreak and for shade

Major uses :


  • Wood is used mainly for and paper & pulp, plywood,  poles, posts, fire wood, charcoal
  • It is also used for hardboard and particle board.
Essential oil:
  • The leaves are 1 of the sources of eucalypt oil, and the principal leaf oil is cineole (45%).
  • The oil yield percentage by fresh weight is 0.9-1.4%. The wood contains 0.5% essential oil.
Tannin or dyestuff:
  • The wood contains 6-12% tannin, and the bark 3-15. In Congo, tannin is extracted from the wood and the bark.
  • It has popular and widely used for firewood and charcoal.

Market details :

  • Approximately Rs.6000-700/ton for Pulp and paper and Rs.9000-10000/ton for Plywood.
*Subject to change according to market demands