Natural Regeneration :
- Natural regeneration is moderate through seeds
- It can be established by direct sowing and Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed Collection and Storage:
- The fruits ripen during March-April.
- The fruit is light and wind dispersed.
- The fruits are collected and shade dried.
- Seeds can be stored with viability up to 3 months.
- The germination and plant percent in the fresh seeds are 50-70 and 40-60 respectively.
- No seed treetment is necessary
- Well prepared raised beds to allow good drainage.
- Sowing may be carried out in lines about 20 cm.
- The depth of sowing should not be more than 5mm.
- Seed is sown during March-April in raised beds.
- Watering should be done regularly.
- Germination starts in10-20 days .
- Picking out of 8-10 cm tall seedlings should be done at an escapement of 7-8 cm preferably in the cloudy afternoons.
- It should be carried out normally in June to July.
Plantation technique :
- 30 cm3 or 45 cm3 pits and the soil is allowed to weather.
- Planting is to be carried out in the month of July or October based on the monsoon pattern in the region.
- For block planting nursery raised seedlings 6 to 10 months are used for planting in pits at a spacing of 3 x 3m or 5x 5m.
- The seedlings which attain height of 50-100 cm are suitable for planting.
- The root shoot ratio of 1:2 is considered good for stump planting.
- Row and line planting is carried out by planting saplings.
- Spacing 5m is maintained in of row or line planting.
- Regular watering and protection from browsing is required
Care & Disease Control :
Three weedings (August, September, October) and two soil workings are done in the first year ,two weedings and two soil workings are second yearand one weeding in thired year.
- Ailanthus webworm ,Atteva fabricella and Atteva neveigutta are serious defoliators during nursery stage.
- Eligma narsisrs attacks the tree growth It is controlled by the application of monochrotophos @ 0.05%
- It does not thrive in poorly drained, flooded or waterlogged soils
Recommended Harvest :
12 - 15 years
Approximately 70 to 80 tonnes/ha *
*Subjected to varry according to site factors.
Agro Forestory :
- Used as live stakes for supporting black pepper (Piper nigrum).
Major uses :
- It is suitable for Grade III commercial and Grade IV moisture -proof plywood
- It is largely used in the manufacture of matches both splints and boxes.
- Leaves are highly palatable and rich in crude protein feed for sheep and goats
Market details :
Approximately Rs.7000 - Rs.8000/ton*
*Subjected to change according to market demands