Copper Pod Tree
General Information :
- A deciduous tree with a girth of up to 1m and grows to 15-25m tall.
- Flowers are a bright yellow and grow in clusters on upright stalks.
- It would be fragrant particularly at night.
- Flowers may occur throughout the year for younger trees, however, flowering usually occurs from March-May and a second flush of flowers may occur in September-November.
- Seedpods are flat, thin and winged. In the initial stages seedpods are red, and then gradually turning black.
- From India and Sri Lanka, through Southeast Asia to Northern Australia
Habitat : Tropical, Sub-Tropical / Monsoonal
Soil : Moist Soils, Well-Drained Soils, Saline Soils / Salt Spray, Heavy Clay Soils, Alkaline (high pH) Soils.
Altitude :0-1600 m
Rainfall :Moderate rainfall
Temperature : 27 - 36°c
Terrain : Terrestrial (Coastal Forest), Shoreline (Mangrove Forest; Sandy Beach)
Tree Characteristics :
- Plants can tolerate moderate levels of salt in the soil.
Habit : Evergreen tree
Natural Regeneration :
- Naturally regenerated by seeds.
Artificial Regeneration :
- Artificial reproduction is common by Nursery raised seedlings.
Seed collection and Storage :
- No Pretreatment Required.
Seed Treatment :
- Flowering and fruiting: March-May.
- Pods are then dried in the sun and broken to extract the seeds and stored in gunny bags.
Nursery Technique :
- Seeds can be sown in semi-shade, either in nursery beds or in individual containers. When fresh seed is used, a germination rate in excess of 80% usually occurs within 8 - 15 days.
- Seedlings should be placed in individual containers by the time they are 6 - 10cm tall, and are ready to plant out when 7 months old.
Plantation technique :
- Dig pits of 30 cm3.
- Fill up the pits with top soil mixed with 10 Kg of FYM and 1 Kg of Neem cake per pit.
- The seedlings are generally planted in pits having the size of 30x30x30 cm. The most common spacing adopted for plantation is 5m x 5m. On road sides, deeper pits of the size of 45 x 45 x 45 cm are preferred.
Care & Disease Control :
- In early stages weeding is necessary. In second year, soil working is important.
Major uses :
- The wood is used locally for light construction purposes, cabinet making.
- Used as a fodder, in Apiculture, fuelwood.
- The bark contains tannins. In traditional medicine it is used as an astringent.
- The dye, derived from the heart wood, is applied in the textile industry.
- It is planted as a shade tree in coffee and cacao plantations and is used in shelterbelts because it is wind firm.